In 2019 the OJCS revisited our approach to homework to be better aligned with our North Stars. We created a “HW Task Force” consisting of both teachers and administrators. We surveyed parents, teachers and students to better understand our current situation and what each stakeholder group is looking for in the future. We examined current research. We met multiple times and eventually created our new OJCS Homework Philosophy:
The purpose of the OJCS Homework Policy is to provide guidelines for teachers, provide for consistency through the grades, and to educate parents who have questions about homework. A school policy regarding homework, along with clear expectations for teachers as to what constitutes good homework, can help to strengthen the benefits of homework for student learning.
This policy addresses the purposes of homework, amount and frequency, and the responsibilities of teachers, students, parents, and administrators.
The OJCS Homework Policy is based on research regarding the correlation between homework and student achievement as well as best practices for homework.
The philosophy at the Ottawa Jewish Community School regarding K-8 homework is that homework should only be assigned that is meaningful, purposeful, and appropriate. Most learning will take place during the school day (except when utilizing an explicitly “flipped pedagogy”). Homework will serve to deepen student learning and enhance understanding. Homework should be consistent with the school’s “North Stars” and strive to incorporate creativity, critical thinking, authenticity, and student ownership.
Legitimate academic purposes for homework include:
- practicing a skill or process that students can do independently, but not fluently,
- elaborating on information that has been addressed in class to deepen students’ knowledge,
- enabling students to finish classwork that they were unable to complete in class, and
- providing opportunities for students to explore topics of their own interest.
Non-academic purposes for homework include:
- developing better study habits and skills,
- developing independent problem-solving skills and better time organization, and
- greater parental appreciation of, and involvement in, schooling.
We understand today’s busy schedules and demands on parent and student time. Most learning is done in school, but like learning a foreign language or learning to read, reasonable and age-appropriate practice and repetition is exceptionally beneficial in certain subject areas. We also recognize that in the 21st century the barriers between bounded times and spaces for learning are ever-shifting and, so, we remain flexible to new ways to provide our students with authentic opportunities to learn and to explore.
In these grades, with the exception of reading and being read to, there is little proven correlation between homework and achievement.
- In the primary grades (K-3), homework should consist primarily of reading, plus a limited number of independent exercises to reinforce previously taught basic skills.
- At the upper grades (4-5), homework may additionally consist of completing, practicing, preparing, or extending core academic skills and is designed to build independent study habits.
- It is recommended that homework assignments in the Lower School be given out on a weekly basis for the following week. (For example, the week’s assignments are given on a Monday and are due the following Monday.) This allows families to coordinate schedules and identify the blocks of time for homework that make sense.
- Except for reading, homework at the elementary level should not be given over holidays or extended school breaks.
- Long-term assignments should be limited in number and duration. Project-based assignments should primarily be undertaken and completed in the classroom. These tasks should not require significant assistance from parents or costly materials. These assignments should include clear checkpoints to monitor progress toward completion.
- If your child is becoming frustrated or not able to independently complete the homework, please indicate this in an email to the teacher so that additional support can be offered the following day.
- Please note that in order for homework to be authentic, to be meaningful, personalized, etc., that the amount of homework will likely ebb and flow naturally during the year.
In the Middle School grades, in addition to reading, research indicates that there are benefits to a moderate amount of meaningful, specific and deliberate homework to develop independent work habits, cultivate a sense of responsibility and help reinforce and enhance learning expectations.
- Homework should be assigned during the school week on a regular basis.
- Teachers should coordinate scheduling of tests and projects.
- Long-term assignments for Middle School grades should be limited in number and duration. These assignments should include clear checkpoints to monitor progress toward completion. All deadlines will be posted on the class blog.
- When assigning group projects, teachers should allow in-class collaboration time with specific tasks to be completed independently; however, these tasks should not require significant assistance from parents or costly materials. [We recognize that projects like STEAM Fair and/or Genius Hour can sometimes inspire a desire to do more. Our commitment is to manage expectations with students to keep this within reason.]
- Except for reading, daily/weekly homework at the middle school level should not be given over holidays or extended school breaks. [There is some discretion for students to use breaks towards longer term projects, but without any expectation of work being done on religiously proscribed days. This is especially important for group projects.]
- Adjustments to a homework program can be made for middle school students preparing for their b’nei mitzvot as they are spending (at least) 10 minutes per night during the year leading up to their b’nei mitzvot and more than that in the month prior.
- Study Hall, with teacher support, will be offered during Nutrition Breaks as an added support, should it be needed.
This section addresses practices to help increase the benefits of homework while minimizing potential problems. Homework is more effective when…
- …the purpose of the homework assignment is clear. Students should leave the classroom with a clear understanding of what they are being asked to do and how to do it.
- …it does not discourage and frustrate students. Students should be familiar with the concepts and material (unless it is an explicitly “flipped” pedagogy, i.e. Math).
- …it is on a consistent schedule. It can help busy students and parents remember to do assignments when they are consistent. (Of course, it must be necessary and not just because “it’s Wednesday”.)
- …it is explicitly related to the classwork.
- …it is engaging and creative.
- …part of the homework is done in class.
- …it is authentic.
- …feedback is given. Follow-up is necessary to address any comprehension issues that may arise.
- …it is differentiated and, ideally, personalized.
- …it reviews past concepts to help retention over the course of the year.
- …it provides student choice (when applicable) and distinguishes between required homework and recommended homework.
Students are responsible for:
- knowing where to find homework on the blogs and sharing with parents.
- ensuring understanding of homework expectations and asking for clarification or help when needed before leaving the classroom.
- keeping track of what is expected through an organization strategy (agenda book, e-agenda, calendar, etc.)
- regularly completing assigned homework in a timely manner.
- managing time by staying focused, on task, and planning effectively for long-term projects.
- bringing home all necessary materials
- putting forth their best effort to produce quality work.
- completing or making up missed assignments and tests if required by the teacher.
- contacting a teacher in advance of a due date to request an extension and to provide a valid explanation.
Parents/Guardians are responsible for:
- helping to oversee what is for homework as child develops habits (this could be checking their agendas, e-agendas, classroom blogs, etc.).
- being an advocate for their child, while encouraging the child to advocate for himself/herself.
- encouraging reading, which might involve accessing audiobook to accompany the book, at all grade levels.
- providing an appropriate environment, including necessary supplies, for homework to be done.
- providing a healthy balance between homework, extra and co-curricular activities, and family commitments.
- contacting the teacher if their child is not consistently able to do the homework by himself/herself within the time guidelines, or if challenges or questions arise.
Teachers are responsible for:
- sharing expectations for homework with students and parents early in the school year.
- designing homework assignments that clearly articulate their purpose and expected outcome, allowing for student questions and planning.
- providing timely feedback to students.
- ensuring any homework assigned is directly related to the classroom instruction and consists of clear, purposeful, and authentic activities.
- assigning homework that is appropriate and differentiated as needed.
- teaching the skills necessary for the students to complete the homework and become successful independent learners.
- being careful not to assign too much homework or homework that frustrates or discourages the students.
- communicating with other teachers of the same grade to be mindful of their overall workload.
Administrators are responsible for:
- monitoring homework quality and quantity.
- communicating homework expectations with parents.
At OJCS, we want to empower students with key leadership and life skills through our continued adoption of Stephen Covey’s ‘7 Habits of Highly Effective People’.
The chart below outlines how our homework policy and philosophy is aligned with each habit:
|Stephen Covey’s ‘7 Habits of Highly Effective People’
||OJCS Homework Policy
- Create a regular homework routine.
- Create a space to complete homework away from distractions.
- Use appropriate tools to keep track of homework (Classroom Blogs, Personal Calendar, Agenda, Google Keep)
- Responsibility: Completing and submitting homework on time
- Bringing home necessary materials for homework completion.
- Asking questions of clarification before leaving the classroom.
|Begin with the End in Mind.
- Goal setting: identifying when homework needs to be completed.
- Planning ahead for longer projects, including what materials and resources are needed.
- Allowing for enough time for revisions and review to ensure work is completed to the best of one’s ability.
|Put First Things First.
- Setting priorities: what homework needs to be completed first.
- Managing time: budgeting time each evening or week for homework completion.
- Learning to identify the time commitment needed for each homework task.
- Mindset: Approaching homework tasks with a positive attitude and growth mindset.
- When parents are helping, be open to support and feedback.
- When trying to find consensus, focus on solutions that work for everyone.
|Seek First to Understand,
then to be Understood.
- Actively listening to class instructions about homework so tasks can be completed at home independently.
- Listening and applying feedback from teachers and parents.
- If homework tasks require group work or collaboration: working together to complete tasks, identifying and using the strengths of each individual.
- Be open to using new strategies shared by classmates.
|Sharpen the Saw.
- Set yourself up for success: getting enough sleep at night, eating nutritious meals, putting realistic expectations of time allotted to homework (honouring the time limits set out in this policy).
- Being self-aware of your needs: ensuring time for renewal and family-time.